List of Buddhist Rock-Cut Sites in India

The Buddhist heritage of India is profoundly reflected in its multitude of rock-cut sites. This post aims to compile a working list of such sites, specifically focusing on the Buddhist tradition. It’s important to note that this list is an ongoing project and not exhaustive. The dynamic nature of archaeological discoveries means that newer or less-known sites frequently emerge in regional media and social media reports. However, due to the vast scope of this subject, I may not be aware of all such developments.

Your Contribution is Valuable

I invite you to contribute to this evolving list. If you are aware of any Buddhist rock-cut sites, especially those that are obscure or less-known, please share your knowledge in the comments section below. To ensure the information is as useful as possible, include the following details:

  1. Site Location: Please mention the specific location of the site, including coordinates if available.
  2. Accessibility: Information about the nearest locality, post office, and district can be very helpful.
  3. Photographs: If you can, please share images of the sites. Visual documentation is invaluable for both academic study and general appreciation.

Your contributions will not only enrich this list but also aid in the broader understanding and preservation of Buddhist archaeological heritage in India.

The Current List

Andhra Pradesh

  1. Akkanna Madanna, Vijayawada
  2. Belum, Kolimigundla
  3. Bodhikonda, near Ramateertham
  4. Bojjanna Konda / Lingala Konda / Sankaram
  5. Guntupalli
  6. Kotturu
  7. Padavula, near Peddapuram
  8. Undavalli, Vijayawada

Assam

  1. Dubapara

Bihar

  1. Barabar Hill
  2. Nagarjuni Hill
  3. Saptaparni, Rajgir
  4. Swarn Bhandar, Rajgir

Chhattisagarh

  1. Sitabengra & Jogimara

Goa

  1. Arvalem, Sanquelim
  2. Lamgaon, Bicholim
  3. Rivona, Sanguem
  4. Siddhanatha, Surla, Bicholim

Gujarat

  1. Dhank, N-W of Upleta
  2. Girnar Hill, Baba Pyare
  3. Girnar Hill, Khapra Kodiya
  4. Girnar Hill, Uparkot
  5. Kadiya Dungar
  6. Khambhalida, N-E of Jetpur
  7. Prabhas Patan
  8. Sana Vakiya, Sana Dungar
  9. Siyot, Lakhpat
  10. Talaja

Madhya Pradesh

  1. Bagh
  2. Dhamnar, Chandwasa
  3. Khejadiya Bhop
  4. Lohani, Mandav, Mandu
  5. Pandav, Panchamarhi
  6. Salbardi
  7. Saru – Maru, N-W of Itarsi

Maharashtra

  1. Agashiva / Karad
  2. Ainari
  3. Ajanta
  4. Ambivali, Ambiwadi T. Kothal Khalati
  5. Ankai & Tankai, south of Manmad
  6. Aurangabad
  7. Bahrot, near Dhamangaon
  8. Banmoli, Mangaon
  9. Banoti / Dhareshwar, Soegaon
  10. Bedse
  11. Bhaje
  12. Bhandara, west of Chakan
  13. Bhivkund, east of Nagpur
  14. Bhuyari, Nagpur
  15. Chamar, near Osmanabad
  16. Dharashiva, N-W of Osmanabad
  17. Digewadi
  18. Dongrai, near Agashiva Hills
  19. Elephanta Caves 2-4 (originally Buddhist?)
  20. Ellora Caves 1-12?
  21. Gandharpale, Mahad
  22. Ghatotkacha near Janjala
  23. Ghorawadi / Ghorwadeshwar, Talegaon Dabhade, N-W of Pimpri-Chinchwad
  24. Gomasi, Nandgaon
  25. Hal, near Khopoli
  26. Jivadani temple, near Virar
  27. Jogeshwari
  28. Junnar, Manmodi Hill: Ambika
  29. Junnar, Manmodi Hill: Bhimashankar
  30. Junnar, Manmodi Hill: Bhutalinga
  31. Junnar, Shivaneri Hill
  32. Junnar, Tulja Hill
  33. Junnar: Ganesh Pahad / Lenyadri
  34. Kanheri
  35. Karla
  36. Kaudanya, near Agashiva Hills
  37. Kerumata, Navi Mumbai airport (destroyed)
  38. Khadsamble / Nenavali, Ghera Sudhagad
  39. Khed, in Khed town
  40. Kol, S-E of Mahad
  41. Kondhane
  42. Kondivita / Mahakali
  43. Kuda, Rahtad
  44. Kunghara
  45. Lachunda, near Osmanabad
  46. Lonad, near Mumbai
  47. Mahur, near Mahurgad
  48. Mandapeshwar
  49. Mrugagad, Kurvande
  50. Naneghat
  51. Pale
  52. Palsambe
  53. Panhale Kazi
  54. Patan, south of Karla
  55. Pitalkhora
  56. Pohale, south of Wadi Ratnagiri
  57. Rajwada, Khireshwar
  58. Shilāṇé, near Karla
  59. Shirwal
  60. Sutonda, near Banoti
  61. Thanale / Nadsur, Ghera Sudhagad
  62. Tikona Fort, Gevhande Khadak
  63. Ukasan, off Kamshet
  64. Vijasan, Bhadravati
  65. Waghdevi, Chinchoti
  66. Wakrul
  67. Yelghol, south of Kamshet
  68. Yerphale, near Patan

Odisha

  1. Kaima
  2. Langudi
  3. Udayagiri & Khandagiri

Rajasthan

  1. Binnayaga
  2. Hatiyagor, Jhalawar
  3. Kolvi, Harnawada

Uttar Pradesh

  1. Deogarh rock shelter, near Garholi

A Living Document

This list is intended to be a living document, continuously updated with new findings and contributions from readers like you. Together, we can create a comprehensive resource that reflects the rich Buddhist archaeological legacy of India.

Thank you for your interest and contributions.


Related Images: